Friday, September 12, 2008

Commonly Quoted Weak Ahadith Related to Fasting

Assalamu 'alaykum.

  • The du’a : “O Allah! Bless us in Rajab & Sha’baan and make us reach Ramadhan (Allahumma baarik lana fee Rajab wash-Sha'baan wa ballighna Ramadhaan.” Da’eef. (Tabarani in al Awsat 4/189, al Mishkaah 1369, see Tasheeh ad-Du’aa by Bakr Abu Zayd p.508).
  • “The beginning of Ramadhan is mercy, its middle is of forgiveness, and its last part is of freeing from the fire.” Munkar. (Ibn Khuzaymah 1887, ad-da’eefah 1569).
  • “The one who fasts has a supplication at the time of iftaar which is not rejected.” Da’eef. (Da’eef at-Targheeb wat-Targheeb 582).
  • The du’a at the time of Iftar: “Allahumma inni as’aluka bi-rahmatika allati wasi’at kulla shay’in an-taghfirali.” (ibid.)
  • The du’a at the time of iftar: “Allahumma laka sumtu wa ‘ala rizqika aftartu.” (see Tasheeh ad-Du’aa p.507)
  • Saying the intention verbally at the time of suhoor such as: “nawaytu an asuuma ghadan min shahri ramadaan mubaarak ya Allahu fa taqabbal minni inna antas-samee’ul ‘aleem.” Baseless, not found in any book of hadith.
  • The du’a at the time of suhoor: “Allahumma Baarik lana fi Suhoorina” Baseless. (see Tasheeh ad-du’aa p.509).
  • Adding the word kareem to the following established du’a: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun kareemun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni. (ibid. p.510)

Abu Qutaybah.

10 comments:

Anonymous said...

I too read this earlier today...

“The one who fasts has a supplication at the time of iftaar which is not rejected.” Da’eef. (Da’eef at-Targheeb wat-Targheeb 582).

I was gutted :-(

Abu Qutaybah said...

Assalamu 'alaykum,

However, there is an authentic narration that states that the du'a of a fasting person is not rejected. But to say only at the time of Iftar is not correct.

Wallahu a'lam.

Abu Qutaybah

Saabirah said...

“The beginning of Ramadhan is mercy, its middle is of forgiveness, and its last part is of freeing from the fire.” Munkar. (Ibn Khuzaymah 1887, ad-da’eefah 1569).

Wow that is surprising! Is there not a saheeh chain of same/similar wording?

Abu Qutaybah said...

Assalamu 'alaykum,

There are authentic ahadeeth that mention that Ramadhan is a month of forgiveness and freeing from the fire. But I dont believe there are authentic hadith which mention anything related to the beginning, middle and end.

Wallahu a'lam.

paradisehasaprice said...

In your own time could you put up something regarding the status of niqab.

Paradisehasaprice said...

A sister the translated the following:

Compiled by 'Abdul Muhsin Ibn 'Ali Al-Muhsin, in Riyaad al-Jinaan fee Ramadaan: p.31-36


The following are some inauthentic Ahaadeeth that I wanted to draw attention to due to their circulation amongst the people in Ramadaan. They have been attributed to the Prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلم - even though they are weak or fabricated.


1. "O Allaah, bless Rajab and Sha'baan for us, and allow us to reach Ramadaan."

Collected by al Bazzaar and at Tabaraanee. Zaa-idah ibn Abee Raaqid is in the chain of narrators, al Bukhaaree said concerning him; Munkar al Hadeeth. An Nasaa-ee and ibn Hibbaan declared it as inauthentic. Ibn Hajar clarified its weakness in 'Tabyeen al 'Ajab bima warada fee Rajab'.


2. "O Allaah, allow the Hilaal to emerge upon is with security and Eemaan, and with safety and Islaam."

Collected and declared inauthentic by at Tirmidhee #3447. In its chain is Sulaymaan ibn Sufyaan, he is weak. Al Haythamee said concerning its chain with at Tabaraanee; ''Uthmaan ibn Ibraheem al Haatibee is in the chain, he is weak'. Ibn al Qayyim said; 'There is weakness in the chains of narrations of this Hadeeth, it is mentioned that Abu Dawood said; 'There is no authentic Hadeeth in this chapter'.


3. "A magnificent month has approached you…Its beginning is a Mercy, the middle of it is forgiveness, the end of it is freedom from the fire…'

It is known that it is the Hadeeth of Salmaan al Farisee. Sadly we hear a lot of the Khateebs make their Khutbas in explanation of this Hadeeth during this month while it is false. Ibn Khuzaymah collected it and said; 'if it is authentic.' 'Alee ibn Zayd ibn Jad'aan is in its chain and he is weak, in addition, Sa'eed ibn al Musayyib did not hear from him. There is Idtiraab in its chain and its text contains false meanings.


4. "If the servants know what is in Ramadaan, my Ummah would have wished that the whole year is Ramadaan."

Collected by Abu Ya'laa: 9/180, he said; 'Jareer ibn Ayyoub is in its chain of narrators and he is weak. Ibn Khuzaymah also collected it (#1886) and said; 'If it is authentic.'


5. "Fast and you will be healthy."

Collected by Ahmad (2/380), at Tabaraanee, Abu Nu'aym and al Haakim. It is a weak Hadeeth.

Abu Qutaybah said...

Assalamu 'alaykum,

Masha'allah.

paradisehasaprice said...

Abu Qutaybah,

Do you know of companies in Egypt that ship books to the UK?

Abu Qutaybah said...

Assalamu 'alaykum,

I just came across an entire book related to the subject of weak narrations related to fasting:

http://www.waqfeya.com/book.php?bid=2782

Wassalamu 'alaykum.

Hamza Qulatein said...

In the book FASTING IN RAMADAAN as observed by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam by Saleem al Hilaalee and 'Alee Abdul Hameed (pages. 61,62): it's written "O brother, may Allaah guide you and I to follow the sunnah of our Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam), there is for you a supplication which will be answered.

From Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn an `Aas who said Allaah's messenger sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam said: indeed there is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication which is not rejected"- (reported by Ibn Maajah [1/557], al Haakim [1/422]. Ibn as-Sunnee [no. 128] and at-Tayaalisee [no. 299] through two chains of narration from him and al-Boosairee said: [2/81]: this isnaad is saheeh, its narrations are reliable."

They also mentioned two other ahaadeeth in this regard.

Can you explain why there might have been this, possibly a mistake on the Shaykhs behalf?